The mountain summits have an average elevation of about 8, feet 2, metresrising to 10,—11, feet 3,—3, metres in places. Water in the area flows in deeply cut valleys, and irrigation is much more difficult than it is in the lower plain. Spring and fall are relatively mild, while summers are dry and hot.
Both rivers rise in the Armenian highlands of Turkey, where they are fed by melting winter snow. Here, too, are the great oil fields near Mosul and Kirkuk.
Infor example, Baghdad was seriously threatened, and dikes protecting it were nearly topped by the flooding Tigris. In the summer they move their herds out of the marshes to the river banks.
Northern Iraq The northeastern highlands begin just south of a line drawn from Mosul to Kirkuk and extend to the borders with Turkey and Iran. Caspian mild and wet. The northeast The mountains, hills, and plains of northeastern Iraq occupy some 35, square miles 92, square kmabout one-fifth of the country.
The rivers are at their lowest level in September and October and at flood in March, April, and May when they may carry forty times as much water as at low mark. Military posts were established around population centres, atop hills and mountains. Also, in earlythe marshes had become the refuge of deserters from the Iraqi army who attempted to maintain life in the fastness of the overgrown, desolate areas while hiding out from the authorities.
In northwestern Iraq, soils vary considerably: The western desert, an extension of the Syrian Desert, rises to elevations above 1, feet metres. This problem has been superseded by a greater obstacle to river traffic, however, namely the presence of several sunken hulls that have been rusting in the Shatt al Arab since early in the Iran-Iraq war.
Reversing the effect is a difficult and lengthy process. Below Basrahowever, the Karun River enters the Shatt al Arab from Iran, carrying large quantities of silt that present a continuous dredging problem in maintaining a channel for ocean-going vessels to reach the port at Basra.
By aroundonly about 10 percent of these marshes remained. The western desert, an extension of the Syrian Desertrises to elevations above 1, feet metres. It has been recognized since as the boundary between western Kuwait and Iraq.
Much of the drained area rapidly turned to arid salt flats.
Iran at night Topography of Iran The topography of Iran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. In Iraqi Kurdistanfor example, Baghdad implemented a policy of depopulation in the strategically important zones bordering Turkey and Iran, in an attempt to extirpate Kurdish nationalism.
The northern parts, which include such places like the Nineveh PlainsDuhok and Zakhomainly consist of Mediterranean vegetation. The northeast is the homeland of most Iraqi Kurds. Iraq: Iraq, country of southwestern Asia. During ancient times, lands that now constitute Iraq were known as Mesopotamia.
The modern nation-state of Iraq was created following World War I from the Ottoman provinces of Baghdad.
Most of Iraq is a series of broad, sandy plains. The Syrian Desert blankets the land in the extreme west. In the southeast near the Persian Gulf, the land is low, marshy, and often flooded. Iraq is mountainous in the north, as the Zagros Mountains front its borders with Iran and Turkey. The country.
Iran's western borders are with Turkey in the north and Iraq in the south, terminating at the Arvand Rud. The Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman littorals form the entire 1, kilometres (1, mi) southern border.
Most of Iraq is a series of broad, sandy plains. The Syrian Desert blankets the land in the extreme west. In the southeast near the Persian Gulf, the land is low, marshy, and often flooded.
Iraq is mountainous in the north, as the Zagros Mountains front its borders with Iran and Turkey. The country. GEOGRAPHY Iraq is dominated by two famous rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates. They flow southeast from the highlands in the north across the plains toward the Persian Gulf.
The geography of Iraq is diverse and falls into five main regions: 1. the desert (west of the Euphrates), 2. Upper Mesopotamia (between the upper Tigris and Euphrates rivers), 3.
the northern highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan, and 4. Lower Mesopotamia, 5. the alluvial plain extending from around Tikrit to the Persian Gulf.A geography of iraq